Canadian Box Lacrosse Rules
The balls used in all matches shall conform to Canadian Lacrosse Association standards and be approved by the Canadian Lacrosse Association.
- Each goal shall consist of two upright poles, four feet apart, joined by a rigid crossbar four feet from the playing surface. All measurements to be inside distances. The poles and crossbar shall be fitted with a cone shape netting of not more than one and one half inch mesh, fastened to the playing surface at a point four feet behind the centre of the goal line. The mesh shall not be drawn taut.
- The nominal diameter of the goal posts and crossbar shall be two inches and they shall be painted a colour other than white.
The Goalkeeper’s Equipment:
- With the exception of the stick, all equipment worn by a goalkeeper must be solely constructed for the purpose of protection of the head or body, and must not include anything which would give the goalkeeper undue assistance in keeping goal.
- The goalkeeper shall wear a suitable and approved face mask and a suitable throat guard.
- The goalkeeper shall wear suitable and approved gloves for lacrosse, not altered in any manner from the manufactured form.
NOTE: Trappers and blockers are not allowed.
- The goalkeeper shall be allowed the use of regulation lacrosse leg guards, but at no time shall be allowed the use of felt or other material beyond the edge of the shin protector.
- The goalkeeper shall be allowed the use of suitable chest, shoulder and arm pads. These pads must conform to the shape of the body.
- The goalkeeper shall not be allowed the use of abdominal aprons or a sweater extending down the front of the thighs on the outside of the pants, below the crotch area. This prohibits the use of any type of material added to the team sweater.
- The goalkeeper shall be allowed the use of safety toed shoes
- All protective equipment except gloves, headgear or leg guards, must be worn entirely under the goalkeeper’s uniform.
- Examination of a goalkeeper’s equipment shall be performed during the fist stoppage in play after requested by the Captain/Alternate Captain.
A minor penalty shall be assessed to a goalkeeper using illegal equipment and this equipment shall be removed or corrected without delay. A bench minor penalty shall be assessed to a team requesting the examination, provided that the equipment is legal.
- All players are required to wear protective gloves, shoulder and arm pads, and a back/kidney pad which must be suitable for Lacrosse as specified in the Canadian Lacrosse Association Safety and Equipment Policy.
- The use of equipment made of metal or other material likely to cause injury is prohibited. Referees shall not allow the use of any equipment that in their opinion is liable to cause injury. Referees shall report to the appropriate governing body any case where dangerous equipment has been used.
NOTE: Players shall not be allowed to wear jewellery (e.g. rings, earrings, chains). Players wearing jewellery will be sent to the dressing room and not allowed to return until the jewellery is removed. If the same player is found to be wearing the same items after the warning, a misconduct penalty shall be assessed.
NOTE: Items which identify a medical condition are exempt from this rule.
- Examination of equipment shall be performed at the first stoppage in play after requested by the Captain/Alternate Captain. A minor penalty shall be assessed to a player using illegal equipment. A bench minor penalty shall be assessed to a team requesting examination of equipment provided the equipment is legal.
- All players (including goalkeepers) shall wear suitable and approved helmets for lacrosse. All players on one team shall wear helmets of the same colour.
- All helmets shall have a chin strap and it shall be properly secured during play. Any player other than the ball carrier, whose helmet becomes dislodged, must immediately remove themselves completely from active play until they put on and secure their helmet. A ball carrier whose helmet becomes dislodged, shall be given an opportunity to pass or shoot the ball before retrieving the helmet. Any infraction of this section shall result in a minor penalty.
- All players shall wear suitable face masks for Lacrosse as specified in the Canadian Lacrosse Association Safety and Equipment Policy. Players participating on the floor without a suitable face mask shall be sent to the players’ bench. A player shall be assessed a ten minute misconduct penalty for repetition of this act.
The Lacrosse Stick:
- The lacrosse stick head and handle shall be designed and manufactured of a framework of wood, plastic or other materials. On this frame shall be woven a triangular netting of soft leather, nylon or other material. Replaceable handles of the lacrosse stick must be specifically designed and manufactured for the game of lacrosse.
- The Referee shall not allow the use of any Lacrosse stick which in their opinion is liable to cause injury due to its construction or repair. Referees shall report to the appropriate governing body any case where a stick has been ruled dangerous and removed from a game.
- The lacrosse stick shall measure not more than forty-six (46′) inches, nor less than forty-two (42″) inches in overall length, and not more than eight (8′) inches, nor less than four and one half (4 ½’) in width. The measurement for width is to be inside frame measurement. Nothing may be added to or attached to the outside of the stick.
NOTE: In Pee Wee and all lower divisions, the minimum length of the stick shall be thirty-six (36″) inches.
- No stick may be constructed, modified or strung in any way to withhold the ball from play or give a player an advantage over their opponent
- The goalkeeper’s stick may be of any desired length, but shall not be over fifteen (15”) in width. Nothing may be added to or attached to the outside of the stick. The measurement for width to be inside frame measurement.
- A minor penalty shall be assessed to any player who uses an illegal stick in a game, and that stick shall be placed in the Timekeeper’s area for the remainder of the game. Measurements or other examinations shall be performed during the first stoppage in play after requested by the Captain or Alternate Captain. A bench minor penalty shall be assessed to a team requesting a stick measurement provided the stick in question is legal.
- Each team shall wear a distinctive and matching uniform. Each player shall have conspicuous numbers, not less than ten (10′) inches in height on the back, and not less than six (6′) inches on the front or upper arms of the sweater. The Captain/Alternate Captain(s) shall have a four (4′) inch letter, ‘C’ or ‘A’ on the front of their sweater. Numbers appearing on helmets, gloves, shoes, etc., shall correspond with the number on the player’s sweater and on the official score sheet.
- Where colours of opposing team sweaters conflict, the home team shall change to sweaters of a distinctive colour.
- For Canadian Lacrosse Association semifinal and final matches the travelling team shall provide sufficient notification of their team’s colours.
- All equipment worn by a player, other than the gloves, knee pads or headgear, shall be worn under the uniform.
- All players taking part in a pre-game warm up shall be dressed in a matching team uniform including helmets, face mask and gloves.
Shoes that are dangerous (e.g. with metal spikes), shall not be allowed.
- The duration of a game shall be three twenty minute stop time periods, with intermissions of ten minutes between periods. Each period shall start with a centre face off.
- The home club shall have choice of ends to start the game and the teams shall change ends to commence each subsequent period.
- The game shall be awarded to the team having scored a majority of goals.
- If at the end of regulation time the score is tied, the Referee shall order the game to continue after a ten minute rest. The teams shall change ends and the game continue for a full ten minutes stop time. In Canadian Lacrosse Association league games, if the score is tied after the first overtime period, the game shall be declared a tie.
- In Canadian Lacrosse Association play downs if the score is tied after the first overtime period, the game shall continue. After a ten minute rest, the teams will change ends and play twenty minute stop time periods, with a ten minute rest between each period, until a goal is scored (sudden victory). Teams shall change ends prior to each period
- In round robin play, where the goal differential is used in determining final standings in the case of tied teams, all overtime periods shall be sudden victory.
If any unusual delay occurs within five minutes of the end of the first or second periods, the Referee may order the regular intermission to be taken immediately and the balance of the period completed on the resumption of play. Upon returning, the teams shall defend the same goals until the end of that period. The teams shall then change ends and start the next period without delay.
Calling of Penalties:
- Should a penalty occur by a player of the team in possession of the ball or while the ball is loose, play shall be stopped immediately and the penalty assessed to the offending player. Play shall restart with a face-off. If the infraction occurred during a stoppage in play and the non-offending team was being awarded possession, the penalty shall be assessed and play shall restart with possession to the non-offending team.
- Should a penalty occur by a player when his opposing team is in possession of the ball, except for checking in the crease, the Referee shall signify the calling of a penalty by raising his non-whistle hand straight up in the air, and on completion of the play, stop play and assess the penalty. Play shall resume with a face-off unless the play was stopped by an action of the team to be penalized that would have otherwise resulted in an infraction.
NOTE: Completion of the play shall mean:
- The ball has come into possession and control of an opposing player/goalkeeper.
- A shot or an attempted shot has been taken.
- The ball proceeds loose out of the zone.
- Any reason that would have normally caused a stoppage in play.
- Should infractions occur that require coincident minor or coincident major penalties, play shall be stopped immediately and the penalties assessed to the offending players- Play shall restart with the team that was in possession of the ball at the time of the infractions, retaining possession. If the infractions occurred during a stoppage in play, the penalties shall be assessed and the team that was being awarded possession (if applicable) would be awarded possession to restart play.
- If a goal is scored during a delayed penalty by the non-offending team, the penalty shall be recorded on the scoresheet. If the team scored on was not short-handed, the goal shall count toward the delayed penalty. If the team scored on is short-handed, the goal shall count toward the penalty that made the team short-handed at the time of the goal and the delayed penalty shall be assessed in the normal manner.
- If during a delayed penalty and before play is stopped, the ball shall enter the goal of the non-offending team as a direct result of an action of a player of that team, the goal shall be allowed. The delayed penalty shall be assessed in the normal manner.
- If during a delayed penalty, the defensive team commits a second infraction, play shall be stopped immediately and the appropriate penalties assessed. Play shall restart with possession to the non-offending team.
- Coincident penalties are penalties of equal duration assessed to players of both teams that start at the same time.
- When coincident majors, coincident penalties of equal duration including majors or coincident majors with unequal additional penalties are assessed to player(s) of both teams, the penalized players shall take their places on the penalty bench and shall not leave until the first face-off following the expiry of their respective penalties. Immediate substitution shall be permitted for any equal number of majors and associated coincident minors, and these penalties shall not be taken into account for the multiple penalty rule.
In the case of unequal penalties with coincident majors, a substitute player shall serve the unequal minor(s) and/or major penalties, and these penalties shall be taken into account for the multiple penalty rule.
- Any player/goalkeeper who is assessed five penalties in the same game shall be expelled from playing the balance of the game.
- Delayed penalties cancelled by goals shall be recorded on the scoresheet and count toward the five penalty limit.
- Infractions that cause a penalty shot to be awarded that result in assessing a major penalty shall count toward the five penalty limit.
The three classifications of infraction calls are:
- Awarded Possession
- Penalty Shots.
The five types of penalties are:
- Minor Penalties
- Major Penalties
- Match Penalties
- Minor penalties require the removal of the offending player (other than the designated goalkeepers) without substitute for two minutes, unless terminated early by a goal.
- Bench minor penalties require the removal of any player on the offending team (other than the designated goalkeepers) without substitute for two minutes, unless terminated early by a goal.
- If a team is short-handed due to one or more minor or bench minor penalties and the opposing team scores, the penalty that made the team shorthanded at the time of the goal shall terminate.
- When minor or major penalties to two players of the same team terminate at the same time, the Captain of that learn shall inform the Referee-Game Timekeeper which player shall return to the floor first
- Major Penalties require the removal of the offending player (other than the designated goalkeepers) without substitute for five minutes unless terminated early by goals.
- If a team is short-handed due to receiving a major penalty and the opposing team scores two goals, the major penalty shall automatically terminate.
- Any player/goalkeeper who receives a second major penalty in the same game shall be assessed a game misconduct penalty. A substitute player shall serve the major penalty(ies) without charge.
- When a player is assessed a non-coincident major penalty and one or more minor penalties, the major penalty shall be served first. When a player is assessed a non-coincident major penalty and another player on the same team is assessed a minor penalty at the same time, the minor penalty shall be served first.
Game Misconduct Penalties:
- Game misconduct penalties require the removal of the offending player/goalkeeper for the remainder of the game. Any other penalties incurred by the player shall be served by another player. Ten minutes shall be charged in the records against any players assessed game misconduct penalties.
- Players or non-playing personnel who receive a game misconduct penalty, shall leave the arena or go to the dressing room for the balance of the game.
A match penalty shall be a major penalty assessed to a player/goalkeeper to be served by a substitute player. Any player/goalkeeper who receives a match penalty shall be suspended until the appropriate governing body rules on the incident.
- A goalkeeper shall not be sent to the penalty bench for an infraction which incurs a minor, major or ten-minute misconduct penalty. Instead the penalty shall be served by a player who was on the floor at the time of the infraction. The player shall be identified by the coach through the Captain or Alternate Captain.
- If a goalkeeper is expelled or receives a game misconduct or match penalty, their place shall be taken by another player or the substitute goalkeeper and any associated minor, major or ten-minute misconduct penalties shall be served by a player who was on the floor at the time of the infraction.
- All penalties assessed to a goalkeeper shall be recorded on the scoresheet against their name regardless of who serves them.
- If a third player of any team shall be penalized while two players of the same team are serving penalties, the penalty assessed to the third player shall not commence until the penalty to one of the first two players already penalized has terminated. The third player shall proceed to the penalty bench and may be replaced by a substitute.
- When the multiple penalty rule is in effect, none of the affected penalized players may return to the playing floor until a face-off, provided however, that the Game Timekeeper shall permit the return to the playing floor in the order of expiry of the penalties, a player(s), when by reason of the expiration of the penalties, the penalized team is entitled to have more than four players on the playing floor.
- In the case of multiple penalties, when the penalties of the two players of the same team terminate at the same time, the Captain of that team will designate to the Referee/Game Timekeeper which player shall return to the playing floor first.
- In cases where a penalty shot has been awarded for fouling a player, the player who has been fouled shall take the penalty shot. If by reason of injury or penalty for retaliation, the player designated to take the penalty shot is unable to do so, the shot may be taken by a player who was on the floor at the time of the infraction.
- One Referee shall place the ball on the centre face-off spot and when ready, start the penalty shot with a whistle. Once the ball has been carried by the player into the attacking zone, it shall be kept in motion toward the opponent’s goal line. No goal can be scored on a rebound and once the ball has crossed the goal line, the shot shall be considered complete.
- The goalkeeper/player who is defending against the penalty shot shall remain inside the goal crease until the player shooting the penalty shot has picked up the ball and entered the attacking zone.
- If the defending goalkeeper/player commits an infraction during the penalty shot that would not have resulted in a penalty, the shot shall be repeated. Repetition shall result in also assessing a ten minute misconduct penalty to the offending goalkeeper/player. If the infraction during the penalty shot would have resulted in assessing a penalty, a goal shall be awarded to the on-offending team.
- While the penalty shot is being taken, players of both sides shall withdraw to their respective benches. If any player of the opposing team, shall have by some action interfered with or disturbed the player taking the shot, and because of such action the shot should have failed, a second attempt shall be permitted and a ten-minute misconduct penalty shall be assessed to the offending player.
- If at the time a penalty shot is awarded the designated goalkeeper had been removed from the playing floor, he shall be permitted to return prior to the penalty shot.
- If a goal is scored from a penalty shot, play shall restart with a face-off at centre. If a goal is not scored on a penalty shot, play shall restart with a face-off in the end zone face-off circle.
- The purpose of awarding a penalty shot is to restore a lost scoring opportunity. Therefore, if the infraction which caused the awarding of the penalty shot would normally have resulted in a minor penalty, the penalty shall not be assessed. If the infraction would normally have resulted in a major or match penalty, the penalty shall be assessed in the normal manner. If a goal is scored on the penalty shot, the goal shall count toward the major penalty or if the team was short-handed, the goal shall count toward the penalty that made the team short-handed at that time
Possession and Awarding Possession:
- No player shall be allowed within nine feet of a player being awarded possession.
- Possession shall not be awarded to a player within fifteen feet of the opponent’s goal crease.
- Play shall start with a whistle.
Ten Minute Misconduct Penalties:
- Ten-minute misconduct penalties require the removal of the offending player (other than the designated goalkeepers) for ten minutes. A substitute shall be permitted immediately. The player shall remain in the penalty bench until the first face-off after the misconduct has expired.
- When a player is assessed a minor/major penalty and a ten-minute misconduct penalty at the same time, a substitute player shall serve the minor/major penalty. The ten-minute misconduct penalty shall commence when the minor/major penalty terminates.
- Any player/goalkeeper who receives a second ten-minute misconduct penalty in the same game, shall be assessed a game misconduct penalty.
Appointment of Officials:
The appropriate governing body or their delegate shall appoint two Referees and the following minor officials: Game Timekeeper, Offensive Timekeeper, Official Scorer and two Goal Judges for each game. One Referee shall be designated as the Referee-in-Charge and shall conduct the face off at the start of each period to denote his authority. In the case of any dispute his decision shall be final.
- The Game Timekeeper shall have control of the official playing time and all penalty times. He shall run the time clock fifteen minutes before the start of the game and during all intermissions.
- The Game Timekeeper shall indicate to the Official Scorer the times at which all penalties start and terminate. He shall upon request give to a penalized player, correct information as to the unexpired time of his penalty. The Game Timekeeper shall have the sole authority of informing penalized players when they may leave the penalty bench.
- The Game Timekeeper shall inform the Referees, who shall inform both teams, when there is three minutes remaining in each intermission.
- There shall be a properly screened cage immediately outside the playing area behind each goal. Two people that are not members of either competing club shall be appointed as Goal Judges. They shall not change ends throughout the game and may only be replaced at the Referees’ discretion.
- In the event of a disputed goal the Referee may ask the Goal Judge if the ball entered the net and was entirely over the line. In all cases the decision of the Referees is final.
- The Offensive Timekeeper shall be equipped with a separate timing device (thirty second clock) and a horn with which to signal the Referees whenever a violation of the thirty second rule occurs.
- The Offensive Timekeeper shall operate the thirty second clock during a short-handed situation to assist the Referees in administering the ten second rule, however, the Referees shall stop the play (i.e., the horn will not sound).
- The offensive Timekeeper shall operate the thirty second clock during a short handed situation when the goalkeeper, or the substitute player for the goalkeeper, enters the attacking zone.
- Before the start of the game the Official Scorer shall ensure that both clubs have printed the names (first and last) of all players in uniform on the official score sheet. The Captain, Alternate Captain(s), goalkeeper, and substitute goalkeeper shall be designated on the scoresheet. The Official Scorer shall complete all applicable parts, (e.g. series, date, etc.), the coach or manager of each club shall sign the scoresheet and it shall be submitted to the Referees for inspection.
- The Official Scorer shall keep an accurate record of all penalties, goals and assists and appropriate times, as provided for on the scoresheet. He shall also indicate on the scoresheet the time and period of which the substitute goalkeeper(s) entered the game for the first time and team time outs used.The Official Scorer shall cause to be announced on the Public Address system, all goals, assists, penalties, penalty shots and the reason for any disallowed goals.
The Official Scorer shall inform the Referees, in the game, when a player/goalkeeper receives his:
- fifth penalty
- second major penalty
- The Official Scorer and score sheet shall be situated at floor level.
At the conclusion of the game, the Official Scorer shall complete all information including summaries of penalties, goals and assists as provided for on the score sheet. He shall acquire all necessary minor official’s signatures and submit the official score sheet to the Referees for their signatures. He shall then distribute copies of the score sheet to the appropriate governing body, Visiting team and Home team.
- The appropriate governing body or their delegate shall appoint two Referees and the following minor officials: Game Timekeeper, Offensive Timekeeper, Official Scorer and two Goal Judges for each game. One Referee shall be designated as the Referee-in-Charge and shall conduct the face off at the start of each period to denote his authority. In the case of any dispute his decision shall be final.
- Referees shall wear the official referees’ uniform.
- Referees shall be impartial parties.
- The Referees shall notify the teams three minutes prior to the scheduled start of each period.
- It shall be the duty of the Referees to ensure that players are properly dressed and approved regulation equipment is used.
- The Referees shall ensure that all minor officials are in place and that the signal and timing devices are in order.
- The Referees shall report all penalties, goals and assists to the Official Scorer. The Referees may consult with the Goal Judge in the case of a disputed goal.
- The Referees shall ensure that players in uniform, and only players in uniform, are included on the score sheet.
- The Referees shall ensure that players of opposing teams are separated on the penalty bench.
- Should a Referee receive an injury, which incapacitates him from performing his duties while play is in progress, the play shall be stopped immediately. Should a Referee be unable to finish the game, the second Referee shall have the power to appoint a replacement if he deems it necessary, or if required to do so by either coach.
- If neither of the appointed Referees are present at the start of the game, the coaches of the two clubs shall agree on substitute Referees. If the regularly appointed Referees appear during the progress of the game, they shall at once replace the temporary Referees.
Referees shall report to the appropriate governing body promptly and in detail the circumstances of any of the following incidents:
- When a player uses equipment that may cause injury.
- When non-playing personnel enter the playing area without the Referee’s permission during a period.
- Any obscene gesture made by any person involved in the game
- Any non playing personnel removed from the game.
- Attempt to injure.
- When the ball is intentionally shot outside of the playing area.
- Persons guilty of gross misconduct.
- When a player or any non-playing personnel become involved in an altercation with a spectator.
- When a player(s) leaves the players’ bench or penalty bench during an altercation.
- When any person molests an official.
- When a team refuses to start play.
- Cases of players fighting with sticks.
- When a stick is intentionally thrown outside the playing area
- When anyone receives a match penalty.